The new Radio Equipment Directive (RED) 2014/53/EU will be applicable from 13 June 2016. The RED replaces the Radio and Telecommunications Terminal Equipment Directive (R&TTE), which was first introduced in April 2000, as the required method to show compliance of radio and telecoms equipment sold across the Europe.
All radio equipment is subject to the RED. Radio equipment is defined within the RED, as an electrical or electronic product which intentionally emits or receives radio waves for the purpose of radio communication and/or radiodetermination, or an electrical or electronic product which must be completed with an accessory (such as an antenna) so as to intentionally emit and/or receive radio waves for the purpose of radio communication and/or radiodetermination.
Therefore, all radio receivers, including broadcast radio and TV receivers, fall within this definition.
The RED excludes equipment that is “radio equipment exclusively used for activities concerning public security, defence, State security, including the economic wellbeing of the State in the case of activities pertaining to State security matters, and the activities of the State in the area of criminal law”.
Telecommunications Terminal Equipment (fixed line terminal equipment) is outside the scope of the RED and, as a result, is within the scope of the EMC Directive and LVD.
Marine equipment that falls within the scope of Council Directive 96/98/EC is also excluded, as is airborne products, parts and appliances falling within the scope of Article 3 of Regulation (EC) No 216/2008, and custom-built evaluation kits designed for professionals to be used solely at R&D facilities. Another exclusion is radio equipment used by radio amateurs.
Member States now have a transition period of less than two years to transpose the new RED into their national laws. Every European Economic Area (EEA) country, plus Switzerland, Turkey, Andorra, Monaco and San Marino must create its own law to implement the Directive.
The use of the Directive will then be constrained by the application date - “They (the Member States) shall apply those measures from 13 June 2016” - and by the appointment of Notified Bodies and by the availability of Harmonised Standards.
Manufacturers will have an additional year to comply, as equipment which complies with the current R&TTE Directive before 13 June 2016 may continue to be placed on the market until 13 June 2017.
Also, within Article 48 of the RED, a “making available on the market” and “putting into service” provision means that products which comply with the R&TTE Directive before 13 June 2016, and which are placed on the market before 13 June 2017, may be sold and brought into service later.
With enforcement of the new RED less than two years away, its wide ranging changes will require some significant adaptations to how radio equipment is manufactured and supplied. It is therefore vital that those in the supply chain understand their specific obligations, as well as those other economic operators they do business with, so that their equipment complies within the deadline and can continue to be sold and placed on the European market.
- Click here for more information on the Radio Equipment Directive